The Parts Of A Wheelchair And Its Features

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Knowing the parts and features of a wheelchair is important when you are a new wheelchair buyer or replace a wheelchair part.

For a first-time wheelchair buyer, it may seem confusing with its complex design.

However, once you are familiar with the anatomy of a wheelchair, it is not as intimidating as it seems.

Do you know all the parts of a wheelchair and its features? Test yourself by using the guide below.


Wheelchair Parts and Features


1, Push Handle

The Push Handles are located on the back of the wheelchair.

Rubber handles are installed to make them more comfortable to push the wheelchair.


2, Armrest

The armrests are secured to the Frame in two places and are designed to be very sturdy.

There are two types of armrests: Full length and Desk length.


3, Full Length

Most common length.

The length extends the full distance from the back of the seat frame to the front of the seat frame.

It gives the user a larger area for gripping to support themselves during transfers.


4, Desk Length

Long enough to support the user’s elbows when seated and are about 4″ shorter in length than full-length arms.

It allows users to get closer to a desk or table.

The Armrest does not bump into the desk as soon as full-length arms would.


5, Wheel

The rear wheels are used for the manual propulsion of the wheelchair. There are two types of Wheel: Mag wheel and Spoke Wheel.


5.1, Mag Wheel

Made out of molded wheels that are heavy and durable. They cannot be replaced or fixed.


5.2, Spoke Wheel

Spoke Wheel has a similar appearance as bicycle wheels. They are lightweight.


6, Brake

The brakes are located on the large rear wheels, and they are typically located on the front of the Wheel next to the bottom of the Seat.

It allows the wheels to be locked in place to prevent the wheelchair from moving.


7, Caster Wheel

They are located in front of the rear wheels and are much smaller in size.

They are typically 8 inches in diameter.


8, Fork

The component that connects the caster to the Frame. There are two kinds of Fork: Standard Fork and Frog leg forks.


8.1, Standard Fork

Comes as a standard feature for most manual wheelchairs


8.2, Frog Leg Fork

Designed to eliminate road shock to provide for a smoother ride


9, Heel Loop

The loops are attached to the back surface of the Footrest.

It provides support to the heel and keeps the foot positioned on the center of the Footrest.


10, Footplate

They can move up and down to provide a support surface where the user’s foot rests on top.

It allows easy transfers.


11, Footrest

The footrests can be adjusted to accommodate different lengths.

There are two kinds of Footrest: Swing-Away Footrest and Fixed Footrest.


11.1, Swing-Away Footrest

It can be rotated out of the way during transfers without having to remove from the wheelchair.


11.2, Fixed Footrest

It is permanently attached to the wheelchair, and it cannot be rotated.


12, Seat

The Seat is where the user sits down. To make seating more comfortable, add an optional seat cushion.


13, Frame

The Frame is the rigid and tubular structure that supports the Seat and the wheels.


14, Backseat

The fixed area where the user’s back is rest on.

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Mr. Vincent

International Market Director of TOUSDA, Rehabilitation Therapy Products Experts, Son, Husband, and Father.
Passionate about providing high-quality rehabilitation therapy products, especially wheelchair, electric wheelchair, commode wheelchair, commode chair, mobility aids, walking aids, crutch, walking stick, etc., and share the latest news, tips, blogs, advice, knowledge about the medical industry field.
Excited about TOUSDA's mission to become the premier online medical technology platform that empowers caregivers by spotlighting innovative devices and products to achieve optimal patient response and recovery.


Notes: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care.
Always follow your health care professional’s instructions.

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