What Is An Electric Wheelchairs?

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The wheelchair is one of the oldest types of medical equipment known to man.

Its uses can be traced back thousands of years, and every year, the wheelchair greatly improves the lives of the mobility challenged.

The electric wheelchair, on the other hand, is a much newer device and has only been available for about sixty years.


The first electric wheelchairs developed during the nineteen-fifties were manual wheelchairs outfitted with an electric motor.

Since then, they have changed a great deal, although a few still share a similar design to these early electric wheelchairs.

Most, however, have a power base, which contains the electric motor, wheels, and batteries, with a chair mounted to the top of the base.


To control the wheelchair, a simple joystick is attached to the chair’s arm, and the wheelchair user can push the joystick in the direction they wish to go.

Most will also have a button for a horn, a battery meter, and a speed adjustment mounted in the armrest.


While the joystick will provide an adequate control system for many people, some cannot use this type of control and instead use an alternate wheelchair control system.

For instance, it is possible to control the wheelchair with head movements, breath, or remote control.

Currently, several companies are working on a brain-controlled wheelchair as well, which will eventually allow wheelchair user to control their wheelchair with thoughts.


There are many different models of electric wheelchairs available and many different manufacturers as well, but most electric wheelchairs can usually be classified as either rear-wheel drive wheelchairs or mid-wheel drive wheelchairs.


A rear-wheel-drive wheelchair usually has four wheels, and the two rear wheels are responsible for moving the wheelchair.

They provide a very sturdy and stable base because the weight is evenly distributed across the four wheels.


A mid-wheel drive wheelchair usually has six wheels.

The set of wheels in the middle is used to move the wheelchair, and the other wheels, which are located on the front and back of the base, are used to provide stability.

A mid-wheel drive wheelchair is incredibly maneuverable.

However, the weight is not as evenly distributed, so it will not be as stable as a rear-wheel-drive wheelchair.


While the rear wheel and mid-wheel drive wheelchairs are the most common, there are also foldable electric wheelchairs, which use a similar frame to a manual wheelchair.

These are popular for traveling but lack many of the features of the other types of electric wheelchairs.


The electric wheelchair has greatly evolved over the last fifty years and today provides a reliable and dependable way to allow mobility-challenged individuals to get around.

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Mr. Vincent

International Market Director of TOUSDA, Rehabilitation Therapy Products Experts, Son, Husband, and Father.
Passionate about providing high-quality rehabilitation therapy products, especially wheelchair, electric wheelchair, commode wheelchair, commode chair, mobility aids, walking aids, crutch, walking stick, etc., and share the latest news, tips, blogs, advice, knowledge about the medical industry field.
Excited about TOUSDA's mission to become the premier online medical technology platform that empowers caregivers by spotlighting innovative devices and products to achieve optimal patient response and recovery.


Notes: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care.
Always follow your health care professional’s instructions.

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